Next: Introduction

Intelligent Agents: Theory and Practice

Michael Wooldridge

Department of Computing 
Manchester Metropolitan University
Chester Street
Manchester M1 5GD, U.K. 
tel   (+44 1 61) 247 1531 
fax   (+44 1 61) 247 1483
Nick Jennings
Department of Electronic Engineering 
Queen Mary & Westfield College
Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, U.K.
tel (+44 1 71) 975 5349
tax (+44 1 81) 981 0259

Knowledge Engineering Review Volume 10 No 2, June 1995.

(c) Cambridge University Press, 1995.


The concept of an agent has become important in both Artificial Intelligence (AI) and mainstream computer science. Our aim in this paper is to point the reader at what we perceive to be the most important theoretical and practical issues associated with the design and construction of intelligent agents. For convenience, we divide these issues into three areas (though as the reader will see, the divisions are at times somewhat arbitrary). Agent theory is concerned with the question of what an agent is, and the use of mathematical formalisms for representing and reasoning about the properties of agents. Agent architectures can be thought of as software engineering models of agents; researchers in this area are primarily concerned with the problem of designing software or hardware systems that will satisfy the properties specified by agent theorists. Finally, agent languages are software systems for programming and experimenting with agents; these languages may embody principles proposed by theorists. The paper is not intended to serve as a tutorial introduction to all the issues mentioned; we hope instead simply to identify the most important issues, and point to work that elaborates on them. The article includes a short review of current and potential applications of agent technology.
Fri Nov 4 16:03:55 GMT 1994