How Much Measurement Independence Is Needed to Demonstrate Nonlocality?
Jonathan Barrett and Nicolas Gisin
If nonlocality is to be inferred from a violation of Bell's inequality, an important assumption is that the measurement settings are freely chosen by the observers, or alternatively, that they are random and uncorrelated with the hypothetical local variables. We study the case where this assumption is weakened, so that measurement settings and local variables are at least partially correlated. As we show, there is a connection between this type of model and models which reproduce nonlocal correlations by allowing classical communication between the distant parties, and a connection with models that exploit the detection loophole. We show that even if Bob's choices are completely independent, all correlations obtained from projective measurements on a singlet can be reproduced, with the correlation (measured by mutual information) between Alice's choice and local variables less than or equal to a single bit.