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Bayesian Optimization with an Empirical Hardness Model for Approximate Nearest Neighbour Search

Julieta Martinez‚ James Little and Nando de Freitas


Nearest Neighbour Search in high-dimensional spaces is a common problem in Computer Vision. Although no algorithm better than linear search is known, approximate algorithms are commonly used to tackle this problem. The drawback of using such algorithms is that their performance depends highly on parameter tuning. While this process can be automated using standard empirical optimization techniques, tuning is still time-consuming. In this paper, we propose to use Empirical Hardness Models to reduce the number of parameter configurations that Bayesian Optimization has to try, speeding up the optimization process. Evaluation on standard benchmarks of SIFT and GIST descriptors shows the viability of our approach.

Book Title
IEEE Winter Conference on Applications of Computer Vision (WACV)