Postponed Updates for Temporal−Difference Reinforcement Learning
Harm van Seijen and Shimon Whiteson
This paper presents postponed updates, a new strategy for TD methods that can improve sample efficiency without incurring the computational and space requirements of model-based RL. By recording the agent's last-visit experience, the agent can delay its update until the given state is revisited, thereby improving the quality of the update. Experimental results demonstrate that postponed updates outperforms several competitors, most notably eligibility traces, a traditional way to improve the sample efficiency of TD methods. It achieves this without the need to tune an extra parameter as is needed for eligibility traces.