Semantic Networking in Cyber Physical Society
Professor Hai Zhuge ( Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences )
Humans have been recognizing, establishing and making use of various relations consciously and unconsciously since the formation of human society. Waving and maintaining various relations accompany everyone's life. Humans' social behaviors create or emphasize relations. Various networks evolve with the development of society. Some relational networks gradually become independent of individuals' life during evolution so that they become a part of knowledge and culture sharable cross generations. Humans have intelligence to observe and participate in social processes, to think, and to know the effect of establishing a relation. Humans can also actively select appropriate relations and persons according to requirement, situation and social rules. Machines are obviously limited in these abilities. Various graph-based models have been used to connect resources in the cyber space. Two issues are fundamental: (1) machines know little relation in human society and the nature, data structures in machines are for machines to process not for humans to read and communicate, so it is not realistic to expect machines to discover social and natural laws and resolve relevant issues without human instruction; and, (2) machines are hard to know the effect of establishing and making use of relations, and to explain computing result according to society and nature. Connecting various networks and machines with nature, society, and even human minds can create a new world where individuals have semantic images that can enhance mutual understanding. Waving semantic link networks in the cyber physical society and exploring the laws of semantic networking are challenge issues.