Principles of Programming Languages: 2017-2018
This course use interpreters written in Haskell as a vehicle for exploring various kinds of programming languages.
- Translation between recursive and iterative algorithms in a simple functional language.
- Semantics of a language with call-by-name and assignable variables.
After taking this course, students will be able to:
- define the semantics of a programming language using a definitional interpreter.
- investigate semantic issues in programming languages by studying implementations in an interpreter
- solve problems using a range of programming paradigms and assess the effectiveness of each paradigm for a particular problem.
- Introducing Fun, with familiar examples rewritten in the language.
- The concrete and abstract syntax of Fun.
- A metacircular interpreter for Fun. Examples of evaluation.
- Changing the interpreter to support assignable variables, with references as expressible values (like ML).
- Implementing while by recursion.
- Changing the interpreter to support output; extracting common features of memory and output.
- Interpreters in monadic form.
- Review: a language with exceptions.
- A purely functional language with call by name and lazy data structures.
- The language Fungol, where identifiers are bound to assignable variables, and derefencing is implicit.
- Call by value and call by reference.
- Nondeterministic programs for bactracking search.
- Introducing continuations.
- Continuations and abstract machines.
- First-class continuations.
Abstract and concrete syntax. Definitional interpreters in direct and monadic form. Functional and imperative programming. Expressible and denotable values; call by value and call by name. Continuations and abstract machines.
The course explores many of the same themes that are covered in
- Friedman, Wand and Haynes, Essentials of Programming Languages, 2nd or 3rd ed., MIT Press.
However, that book contains interpreters written in Scheme, and we will use Haskell. Full notes for the course (in the form of a draft book) will be handed out in lectures and put on the web.